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Colleges typically use a 4.0 GPA scale so that all GPAs are standardized. Rather than trying to compare a bunch of letter grades, percentages, or different GPA scoring scales, colleges convert all those scores to the 4.0 scale. That makes it easy to accurately compare the grades of students from all over the country and world.

For example, say one student went to a school that uses letter grades on transcripts, another went to a school that uses percentages, and a third uses the 4.0 scale. Comparing, say an A- average to a 93% average to a 3.5 GPA is much more difficult than converting the grades and percentages to the 4.0 scale and having three numbers that are easily comparable.

Most high schools will convert all your final grades into a scale ranging from 0.0 to 4.0. This unweighted GPA scale treats your grades the same, no matter whether they come from Standard, Honors, or AP/IB classes. Here's how unweighted grades convert:

Many schools also calculate a weighted GPA, ending up with a scale that ranges from 0.0 to 5.0. The weighted GPA tries to account for the fact that different level classes have different degrees of difficulty. The way this scale differentiates between harder and easier classes is by adding .5 to Honors and adding 1 to AP grades. This would mean a B in an AP class is equal to an A in a regular-level class for your GPA. Here's how weighted grades convert:

The scale above is the most common GPA conversion scale used by high schools and universities in the United States. Some schools use .5 steps. For example, grades A- or B+ are converted to 3.5, but grade AB is more accurate in this case (and is used in Scholaro GPA). A+ is sometimes converted to 4.3 (or 4.33) points, but many universities do not have an A+.

Each one of your final letter grades for a course is recorded as a letter grade (e.g. B+ in Algebra) or as a specific percent (e.g. 92% in English Literature). These grades are each converted into a number and then averaged together to come up with your GPA.

As mentioned earlier, an unweighted GPA converts all final grades on a scale from 0-4.0. A weighted GPA, on the other hand, converts all final grades on a scale from 0-5.0, taking into consideration the difficulty of the courses.

Semester units transferred to Cal Poly are converted to quarter units by multiplying the semester units by 1.5; a 3-unit semester class will equate to 4.5 Cal Poly units. If the Cal Poly requirement is 4 units, the excess 0.5 unit will count toward free electives.

This page contains a free GPA calculator for college students. With this tool, you will easily calculate yourGPA and CGPA using either letter grades or percentages. There is also a collection of reviews on the best freeGPA calculators, together with some basic information on the topic and a step-by-step guide on calculating yourGPA.